Climate Change in Latin America

10Climate change is a huge concern for many governments, and this is no exception for the Argentinian government. Global warming and increasing temperatures threaten crops and biodiversity in general. One of the role models for Latin American countries is Costa Rica. It is a great example to be followed and aims to be able to operate with 100% renewable energy sources by the year 2021. It also aims to become a CO2 neutral country by 2085. At the moment, the Climate Action Tracker in Costa Rica classifies it as “Sufficient”, the second highest category before becoming a model country for reducing the carbon footprint.

One of the measures that have been discussed in Argentina is to implement a new tax for vehicles with high carbon emissions, thus aiming at getting rid of high polluting cars. Again, Costa Rica is a great example in the American continent. The CO2 emissions in Costa Rica in the year 2012 were 7 million metric tons, a tiny fraction when compared with the 9,300 million registered in the same year in China. Perhaps, not only Argentina, but all the other countries responsible for two thirds of the total carbon emissions in the world should take Costa Rica as an example. As it now seems, this Latin American country could be the first one in the world to rely entirely on renewable energy sources.

Our actions have environmental consequences and this is why it is so important to pay attention to the way we behave. It is especially important to think which institutions are the ones that establish the moral codes and create beliefs and values in societies. Our behavior, rather than being based on individual freedom, is largely guided by social rules that affect us for life and allow us to be seen as ‘normal’.