Apart from the Salar de Uyuni (the largest salt flats in the world) that were mentioned above, there is the city of Potosi, a remarkable city due to its location above sea level and its rich indigenous history and culture. Here, you will find Cerro Rico (in Spanish it means “rich mountain”), Cerro Potosí (“Potosí mountain”) and the Sumaq Urqu (Quechua for red mountain), all the mountains that belong to the Andes mountain range that extend all over South America, all the way to the south, near the Antarctica. Unfortunately, due to uncontrolled mining activity, it has been listed as a World Heritage Site in danger two years ago.
The Katíos National Park in Colombia boasts of an incredible range of biological wealth, and is home to many endangered species. A special feature of this park is that it is the only one in South America where species native to Central America also live. This park was included in the List of World Heritage Sites in danger 7 years ago, due to deforestation suffered at the hands of illegal human wood traffickers.
On the Caribbean side of the country of Honduras is the Platano River Basin and its natural reserve. The region is known as La Mosquitia. Spanning over five thousand kms, this natural reserve boasts of lowland rainforests with mountains, where indigenous people still live today. Luckily, they have managed to maintain their ancestral ways of life, despite the various invasions that they had to endure over the years since the “discovery” of the continent by white European men. This is one of the few vestiges of Mayan civilization in the whole continent. Due to illegal logging and encroachment in the natives’ land, this exotic natural reserve had to be listed as an endangered World Heritage Site.